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Leadership is an important function of management which helps to maximize efficiency and to achieve organizational goals. It is essential to understand that leadership is an essential part of effective management. Leadership is a process by which an executive can direct, guide and influence the behavior and work of others towards accomplishment of specific goals in a given situation. Leadership is the ability of a manager to induce the subordinates to work with confidence and zeal.
COURSE OBJECTIVE:
1. Learner gains the knowledge on Leadership management and understands different types of leadership behaviour models and effectiveness of leadership in organisations
2. Learner acquires knowledge on various motivational theories to encourage employees to attain organisational goals. and understand the various challenges that are facing by a Leader to motivate his employees or followers.
3.Learner understands the continuous development of leadership skills, behaviour or attitude of a leader him/herself to best fit with the employees with proper vision.
4. Learner gains knowledge on strategic leadership , leader self management and leadership and creativity.
5. Finally, the Learner acquires knowledge on Leadership in the cross cultural context
 Teacher: Pushpa Sri Degala
 Teacher: Mahesh Kaluva
Ethics is a fundamental requirement of any profession. It is integral to the success of the business as well. Ethics is a system of moral principles governing the appropriate conduct of a person or a group. Maintaining good ethics is being consistent with the principles of correct moral conduct constantly.
Ethics is important to every society as it plays a critical role in shaping the individuals behaviors within a society.
 Teacher: Pushpa Sri Degala
Consumers play a vital role in the growth of an economy. The purchase decisions of consumers alter the demand pattern for basic raw materials. They also influence employment of workers and deployment of resources. It is important for marketers to study consumer behavior. This helps marketers to investigate and understand the way in which consumers behave so that they can position their products to specific group of people or targeted individuals.
 Teacher: Pushpa Sri Degala
To integrate the basic concepts of economics with the tools of mathematics and statistics in order to analyze and make optimal business decisions.
 Teacher: Pushpa Sri Degala
Understanding and evaluation of investment pattern and capital markets.
 Teacher: Koteswara Rao Rachagarla
This course is designed to enhance the legal literacy of MBA students by developing a body of legal knowledge and honing legal instincts that will help business leaders attain a competitive edge and promote longterm success.
Expanding well beyond the basic legal concepts introduced in LAB, the course
will refine students' understanding of how law affects all aspects of business,
and develop a deeper appreciation of how legal systems operate and how to
operate within the boundaries of legal systems. The course has a global
perspective.
 Teacher: Ch Hanuman Jyothi Ch Hanuman Jyothi
Professional Ethics and Human Values 


 Teacher: Vijay Kumar Chalagala
Course Objectives:
1. To understand the Meaning of communication.
2. To know the relevance of communication in any Business organization.
3. To Gain Knowledge and complete scope of Business communication.
Course outcomes: At the end of the course the student should be able to
1. Enhance oral presentation planning, audio visual communication and developing & displaying visual aids for effective communication.
2. Understand the importance of interviews, meetings, and ways and means of effectively conducting them.
3. Understand communication etiquettes which are to be followed in the corporate world.
 Teacher: Venkata Lakshmi S
 Teacher: Venkata Lakshmi S
 Teacher: Venkata Lakshmi S
 Teacher: Venkata Lakshmi S
 Teacher: Narayana D
 Teacher: Narayana D
 Teacher: Anjaneyulu S
Below you will find the updates TCS Syllabus 2018 for Tata Consultancy Services Written Test conducted online –
TCS APTITUDE SYLLABUS FOR 2018
TCS Syllabus 2018 PDF  No. of Questions  Time for Section  No. of Star Marked Questions 

Quantitative Aptitude Syllabus  20 Questions  40 Minutes  2 
Programming language Efficiency MCQ Syllabus  10 Questions  20 Minutes  0 
Coding Test  1 Question  20 Minutes  0 
email Writing  1 email  10 Minutes  0 
 Probability
 Clocks and Calendar
 Permutations and Combinations
 Number System and HCF & LCM
 Percentages
 Allegations and Mixtures
 Ratios, Proportion and Averages
 Work and Time
 Series and Progressions
 Time, speed, distance
 Equations
 Reasoning
 Geometry
 Arrangements and Series
 Teacher: Anjaneyulu S
 Teacher: Anjaneyulu S
 Teacher: Anjaneyulu S
PRACTICE TEST
No. Questions: 100 Duration: 2 Hrs
1. A town has 64000 inhabitants. If the population increases at the rate of 2½% per annum, the number of inhabitants at the end of 3 years will be
(a) 70000
(b) 69200
(c) 68921
(d) 68911
2. A sum of money becomes (41/40) of itself in (1/4) year at a certain rate of simple interest. The rate of interest per annum is
(a) 5%
(b) 6%
(c) 8%
(d) 10%
3. A tap can fill a tank in 6 hours. After half the tank is filled, three more similar taps are opened. What is the total time taken to fill the tank completely?
(a) 4 hours
(b) 4 hours 15 minutes
(c) 3 hours 15 minutes
(d) 3 hours 45 minutes
4. The ratio of the number of boys to that of girls in a school is 4 : 1. If 75% of boys and 70% of the girls are scholarshipholders, then the percentage of students who do not get scholarship is
(a) 75
(b) 50
(c) 28
(d) 26
5. My grandfather was 8 times older than me 16 years ago. He would be 3 times my age, 8 years from now. Eight years ago, what was the ratio of my age to that of my grandfather?
(a) 3 : 8
(b) 1 : 5
(c) 1 : 2
(d) 11 : 53
6. In how many different ways can be letters of the word SOFTWARE be arranged in such a way that the vowels always come together?
(a) 4440
(b) 4320
(c) 1440
(d) 360
7. In how many different ways can the letters of the word BOOKLET be arranged such that B and T always come together?
(a) 5040
(b) 720
(c) 480
(d) 360
8. In how many different ways can a group of 4 men and 4 women be formed out of 7 men and 8 women?
(a) 2450
(b) 1170
(c) 840
(d) 360
9. In how many different ways can the letters of the word RUMOUR be arranged?
(a) 90
(b) 180
(c) 360
(d) 720
10. In how many ways can a group of 5 men and 2 women be made out of a total of 7 men and 3 women?
(a) 45
(b) 63
(c) 90
(d) 126
Data for Q. (11 – 14):
i. In a class of 80 students the girls and the boys are in the ratio of 3 : 5. The students can speak only Hindi or only English or both Hindi and English.
ii. The number of boys and the number of girls who can speak only Hindi is equal and each of them is 40% of the total number of girls.
iii. 10% of the girls can speak both the languages and 58% of the boys can speak only English.
11. How many girls can speak only English?
(a) 12
(b) 15
(c) 18
(d) 29
12. What percentage of all the students (boys and girls together) can speak only Hindi?
(a) 24
(b) 30
(c) 40
(d) 50
13. In all how many students (boys and girls together) can speak both the languages?
(a) 9
(b) 12
(c) 15
(d) 29
14. How many boys can speak either only Hindi or only English?
(a) 25
(b) 29
(c) 38
(d) 41
15. Some articles sold at a certain selling price. When the price of each article was increased by 20%, the revenue from the sales decreased by 10% and became Rs2160. If the new price of each article is Rs36, then find the number of articles sold at the original price?
(a) 60
(b) 75
(c) 80
(d) 90
16. In a town, 20% of the total population is the student community, which is not employed. Of the remaining, 56.25% are employed. If the number of nonstudents who are unemployed is 14000, then find the population of the town?
(a) 70000
(b) 60000
(c) 56000
(d) 40000
17. Three liters of water gets evaporated on boiling 12 liters of sugar solution containing 10% sugar. What is the percentage of sugar in the remaining solution?
(a) 6.66%
(b) 10%
(c) 12½%
(d) 13.33%
18. A man earns twice as much as his wife does. If his expenditure is 80% of his wife’s income and he saves Rs18000. What is his wife’s income?
(a) Rs12000
(b) Rs15000
(c) Rs17500
(d) Rs20000
19. Harish drinks (3/5)th of the milk in a glass. Krishna drinks 20% of the remaining. How much milk does the glass contain if Krishna drank 60 ml?
(a) 1000 ml
(b) 750 ml
(c) 500 ml
(d) 250 ml
20. A reduction of 20% in the price of oranges would enable one to purchase 5 oranges more for Rs250. What is the reduced price of oranges per dozen?
(a) Rs100
(b) Rs120
(c) Rs140
(d) Rs150
21. What must be the side of an equilateral triangle so that its area may be equal that of a square of which the diagonal is 15 meters?
(a) 15 m
(b) 16 m
(c) 16.11 m
(d) 16.44 m
22. A cone, a hemisphere and a cylinder stand on equal bases and have the same height. The ratio of their volumes will be
(a) 1.2 : 3.3 : 4
(b) 1.4 : 2 : 6
(c) 2 : 3 : 4
(d) 1.1 : 2.2 : 3.3
23. A metal cube of edge 12 cm is melted and formed into three smaller cubes. If the two smaller cubes is further melted to form a solid sphere of radius 5.58 cm, then the edge of the third smaller cube is
(a) 4.5 cm
(b) 7 cm
(c) 9.5 cm
(d) 10 cm
24. Three equal cubes are placed adjacently in a row. Find the ratio of the total surface area of the new cuboid to that of the sum of the surface areas of three cubes
(a) 9 : 1
(b) 7 : 18
(c) 3 : 2
(d) 7 : 9
25. A rectangular strip 25 cm x 7 cm is rotated about the longer side. Find the whole surface of the solid, thus generated?
(in cm^{2})
(a) 1408
(b) 1704
(c) 1750
(d) 2816
26. A 4 cm cube is cut into 1 cm cubes. Calculate the percentage increase in surface area after such cutting?
(a) 50
(b) 100
(c) 200
(d) 300
27. In a rightangled triangle the difference of the sides is 21 m and the hypotenuse is 39 m. The greater of the two sides is
(a) 26
(b) 32
(c) 36
(d) 42
28. The average number of printing errors per page in a book of 512 pages is 4. If the total number of printing errors in the first 302 pages is 1208, the average number of printing errors per page in the remaining pages is
(a) 0
(b) 4
(c) 6
(d) 9
29. The average age of a batsman for 40 innings is 50 runs. His highest score exceeds his lowest score by 172 runs. If these two innings are excluded, his average drops by 2 runs. His highest score is:
(a) 86
(b) 92
(c) 170
(d) 174
30. The captain of a cricket team of 11 players is 25 years and the wicket keeper is 3 years older. If the age of these two are excluded, the average of the remaining players is 1 year less than the average age of the whole team. The average age of the whole team is
(a) 26 years
(b) 25 years
(c) 24 years
(d) 22 years
31. In a coconut groove, (x+2) trees yield 60 nuts per year, x trees yield 120 nuts per year and (x2) trees yield 180 nuts per year. If the average yield per year is per tree be 100. Then the value of x is
(a) 4
(b) 8
(c) 10
(d) 12
32. If the average weight of boys of Ram’s age and height is 105 kg. and if Ram weighs 110% of the average, then the weight of Ram is
(a) 105 kg
(b) 107.5 kg
(c) 110 kg
(d) 115.5 kg
33. A batsman’s scores in a particular innings is twice the average score in 4 previous innings. The percentage improvement in his average score now is
(a) 6
(b) 10
(c) 12
(d) 20
34. How much chicory at Rs40 a kg should be added to 15 kg of tea at Rs100 a kg so that the mixture be worth Rs65 per kg?
(a) 120 kg
(b) 150 kg
(c) 180 kg
(d) 210 kg
35. Two equalsized glasses are respectively (1/4) and (1/3) full of orange juice. Then they are filled with water and the contents are mixed in a tumbler. The ratio of the orange juice to water in the tumbler is
(a) 7 : 17
(b) 9 : 23
(c) 11 : 23
(d) 7 : 24
36. A bottle is full of dettol. Onethird of it is taken out and then an equal amount of water is poured into the bottle to fill it. This operation is done four times. Find the final ratio of dettol and water in the bottle?
(a) 9 : 25
(b) 9 : 16
(c) 16 : 65
(d) 65 : 16
37. Two varieties of edible oils are mixed in the proportion of 3 : 2 and the mixture is sold at Rs110 per kg at a 10% profit. If the first variety of oil costs Rs20 more per kg than the second, what does it cost per litre?
(a) Rs105
(b) Rs108
(c) Rs110
(d) Rs115
38. A man buys milk at a certain rate per kg and after mixing it with water, sells it again at the same rate. Find how many grams of water there are in every kg of milk if the man makes a profit of 20%?
(a) 100 grams
(b) 120 grams
(c) 180 grams
(d) 200 grams
39. A cup of milk contains 3 parts of pure milk and 1 part of water. How much mixture must be withdrawn and water substituted in order that the resulting mixture may be half milk and half water?
(a) 1/3
(b) 2/3
(c) (1/2)
(d) (3/4)
40. If k+1, k+3 and k+5 are prime numbers, then how many values of k exist? (k > 0)?
(a) 0
(b) 1
(c) 2
(d) More than 2
41. In 40 boxes of apples, each box contains at least 125 and at most 170 apples. The number boxes containing distinct number of apples at most is
(a) 10
(b) 39
(c) 40
(d) 46
42. S is a set of first 100 natural numbers. Two distinct numbers are chosen from S at random. What is the probability that the sum of the numbers is an even number?
(a) (1/2)
(b) 49/99
(c) 49/100
(d) 50/99
43. If ½x – 1½ = 2 and ½y + 3½ = 2, then find the maximum possible value of (x/y)?
(a)  3
(b) 1
(c) 0.2
(d) – 0.6
44. In a 100 m race, A beats B by 10 seconds, while B beats D by 4 seconds, then A beats D by
(a) 40 sec
(b) 20 sec
(c) 14 sec
(d) 6 sec
45. Onethird of the number of persons standing behind Ganesh is exactly equal to twofifths of the number of persons standing ahead of him in a queue. Find the minimum possible total number of persons standing in the queue if Aditya is behind Ganesh?
(a) 11
(b) 12
(c) 18
(d) 20
46. There are x boxes and y balls. If 3 balls are kept in each box, then 1 box is left without any ball. However, if 2 balls are kept in each box, then 1 ball is left out, then find (x + y)?
(a) 4
(b) 5
(c) 9
(d) 13
47. If 1½ years is added to (3/7)th of the age Sharma, it will be half of his present age. What is his present age?
(a) 15 years
(b) 21 years
(c) 25 years
(d) 30 years
48. At present, the age of a man is equal to the sum of the ages of his wife and son. Ten years hence, the average age of all the three of them will be thirty years and at that time the wife’s age will be five years more than twice the son’s age. What is the present age of the son?
(a) 4 years
(b) 5 years
(c) 6 years
(d) 8 years
49. The sum of three numbers is 38. The sum of the first number, six times the second number and four times the third number is 172. If all the three numbers are prime, what is the second number?
(a) 13
(b) 17
(c) 19
(d) 23
50. If x varies directly with y and for x = 24, y = 40, then find the value of x for y = 130?
(a) 70
(b) 72
(c) 74
(d) 78
51. Cattle : Herd :: Sheep : ?
(a) Flock
(b) Swarm
(c) Shoal
(d) Mob
52. Fear : Threat :: Anger : ?
(a) Compulsion
(b) Panic
(c) Provocation
(d) Force
53. Paw : Cat :: Hoof : ?
(a) Horse
(b) Lion
(c) Lamb
(d) Elephant
54. Eye : Myopia :: Teeth : ?
(a) Pyorrhea
(b) Cataract
(c) Trachoma
(d) Eczema
55. Race : Fatigue :: Fast : ?
(a) Food
(b) Appetite
(c) Hunger
(d) Weakness
56. Import : Export :: Expenditure : ?
(a) Deficit
(b) Revenue
(c) Debt
(d) Tax
57. Fire : Ashes :: Explosion : ?
(a) Flame
(b) Death
(c) Sound
(d) Debris
58. If AT = 20, BAT = 40, then CAT will be equal to:
(a) 30
(b) 50
(c) 60
(d) 70
59. In a shop, the items were arranged in a shelf consisting of six rows. Biscuits are arranged above the tins of chocolates but below the rows of packets of chips, cakes are at the bottom and the bottles of peppermints are below the chocolates. The top most row had the display of jam bottles. Where exactly are the bottles of peppermints? Mention the place from the top.
(a) 2^{nd} (b) 3^{rd}
(c) 4^{th} (d) 5^{th}
60. Rahul ranked ninth from the top and thirty eighth from the bottom in a class. How many students are there in the class?
(a) 45 (b) 46
(c) 47 (d) 48
61. In the Olympic Games, the flags of six nations were flown on the masts in the following way:
The flag of America was to the left of Indian tricolor and to the right of the flag of France. The flag of Australia was on the right of the Indian flag but was to the left of the flag of Japan, which was to the left of the flag of China. Find the two flags which are in the centre?
(a) India and Australia
(b) America and Australia
(c) Japan and Australia
(d) India and Japan
62. Which number is like the given set of numbers? Given set: (3, 17, 31)
(a) 5 (b) 15
(c) 45 (d) 49
63. 6 : 18 :: 4 : ?
(a) 2 (b) 6
(c) 8 (d) 16
64. 121 : 12 :: 25 : ?
(a) 1 (b) 2
(c) 6 (d) 7
65. 7584 : 5362 :: 4673 : ?
(a) 2367 (b) 2451
(c) 2531 (d) 6153
66. Choose the odd one:
(a) Lotus
(b) Marigold
(c) Lily
(d) Tulip
67. Choose the odd one:
(a) Walk
(b) Run
(c) Ride
(d) Crawl
68. Choose the odd one:
(a) 70 – 80
(b) 54 – 62
(c) 28 – 32
(d) 14 – 16
69. Which is the number that comes next in the sequence: 0, 6, 24, 60, 120, 210, ?
(a) 240 (b) 290
(c) 336 (d) 504
70. In the series 7, 14, 28, ……….., what will be the 10^{th} term?
(a) 1792 (b) 2456
(c) 3584 (d) 4096
71. If D = 4 and COVER = 63, then BASIS = ?
(a) 49 (b) 50
(c) 54 (d) 55
72. Pointing to a photograph, a man said, “I have no brother or sister but that man’s father is my father’s son.” Whose photograph was it?
(a) His own
(b) His son’s
(c) His father’s
(d) His nephew’s
Following (a) to (h) are combinations of an operation and an operand.
(a) means ÷ 3 (b) means x 3
(c) means – 3 (d) means + 3
(e) means ÷ 2 (f) means x 2
(g) means – 2 (h) means + 2
You have been given one or more of these as answer choices for the following questions. Select the appropriate choice to replace the question mark in these equations.
73. 42 x 21 – 12 ? = 880
(a) a
(b) f
(c) g
(d) None of these
74. 36 + 12 ? = 48
(a) a followed by f
(b) a followed by b
(c) b followed by f
(d) c followed by a
75. 48 ? + 12 x 4 = 80
(a) e followed by b
(b) d followed by a
(c) f followed by a
(d) b followed by f
76. 18 x 3 ÷ 2 + 3 < 27?
(a) d followed by a
(b) a followed by g
(c) d followed by g
(d) d followed by h
77. (48 + 9) ÷ 19 x 2 = 12?
(a) a followed by h
(b) b followed by e
(c) c followed by a
(d) a followed by d
Directions (Q. 78 – 79): A cube painted yellow on all faces is cut into 27 small cubes of equal sizes. Answer the questions that follow:
78. How many cubes are painted on one face only?
(a) 1 (b) 6
(c) 8 (d) 12
79. How many cubes are not painted on any face?
(a) 1 (b) 4
(c) 6 (d) 8
80. All surfaces of a cube are coloured. If a number of smaller cubes are taken out from it, each side (1/4) th size of the original cube’s side, indicate the number of cubes with only one side painted?
(a) 16 (b) 20
(c) 24 (d) 40
81. If I do not have any flour, I am not able to make cookies.
If the statement above is true, which of the following statements must be true?
(a) If I did not make cookies, I must not have had flour.
(b) If I made cookies, I must have had flour.
(c) If I have flour, I must be able to make cookies.
(d) If I was able to make cookies, I must not have had any flour.
(e) If I am not able to make cookies, I must not have any flour.
Car 1 
Blue 
Car 2 
Not Black or green 
Car 3 
Green 
Car 4 
Same color as Car 2 
Car 5 
Black 
Car 6 
Same color as Car 3 
Car 7 
Red 
82. The information above concerns 7 cars that drove past Janet on Friday. The cars were each one of 4 colors (red, blue, green, black). If x = 3, which of the following is true for x?
(a) x could be the number of green cars.
(b) x must be the number of blue cars.
(c) x must be the number of both blue and red cars.
(d) x must be the number of black cars.
(e) x could be the number of either blue or red cars.
83. Five persons were playing card game sitting in a circle all facing the centre. Mukund was to the left of Rajesh, Vijay was to the right of Anil and between Anil and Nagesh. Who was to the right of Nagesh?
(a) Vijay (b) Rajesh
(c) Anil (d) Mukund
(e) Can’t say
84. If the English letter which is the beginning of the names of three English months, the English letter which is the last letter of one of the groups of four English months and the first letter of the tenth English month are arranged in a proper sequence, a meaningful word is formed. What is the meaning of that word in English?
(a) Weapon (b) Vessel
(c) Pleasure (d) Pot
(e) Metal
85. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?
(a) Cheese (b) Butter
(c) Ghee (d) Milk
(e) Curd
86. Four of the following five English letter groups are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which one that does not belong to that group?
(a) BCD (b) NPR
(c) KLM (d) RQP
(e) HGF
87. If ‘A + B’ means ‘A is the mother of B’, ‘A ÷ B’ means ‘A is the brother of B’, ‘A x B’ means ‘A is the son of B’ and ‘A – B’ means ‘A is the sister of B’, which of the following means ‘C is the sister of D’?
(a) D – C (b) D x P – C (c) C – P ÷ D (d) P + D ÷ C (e) D – P ÷ C
88. In a row of boys Anil is 15^{th} from the left and Vikas is 7^{th} from the right. If they interchange their positions, Vikas becomes 15^{th} from the right. How many boys are there in the row?
(a) 21 (b) 22
(c) 25 (d) 29 (e) Can’t say
89. How many numbers from 1 to 100 are there each of which is not only exactly divisible by 4 but also has 4 as a digit?
(a) 7 (b) 10
(c) 20 (d) 21 (e) > 21
90. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?
(a) 31 (b) 41
(c) 51 (d) 61
(e) 71
91. Amit can jump 8 inches farther than Nandu, Mangu can jump 3 inches farther than Nandu. Nandu can jump 5 inches farther than Dinnu and Vishnu can jump 2 inches less than Dinnu. Who among them can be placed midway in the order of the length of their jumping?
(a) Amit (b) Nandu
(c) Mangu (d) Dinnu (e) Vishnu
92. A man walks 10 kilometers towards North. From there, he walks 6 kilometers towards South. Then he walks 3 kilometers towards East. How far and in which direction is he with reference to his starting point?
(a) 7 kilometers towards East
(b) 5 kilometers towards West
(c) 5 kilometers towards North East
(d) 7 kilometers towards West
93. Find the wrong number in the series: 190, 166, 145, 128, 112, 100, 91
(a) 100 (b) 166
(c) 145 (d) 128
94. Find the wrong number in the series: 1, 1, 2, 6, 24, 96, 720
(a) 720 (b) 96
(c) 24 (d) 6
95. Find the wrong number in the series: 40960, 10240, 2560, 640, 200, 40, 10
(a) 40 (b) 200
(c) 640 (d) 2560
96. Find the wrong number in the series: 64, 71, 80, 91, 104, 119, 135, 155
(a) 80 (b) 104
(c) 119 (d) 135
97. Patrol : Security :: Insurance : ?
(a) Money (b) Protection
(c) Policy (d) Finance
98. Waves : Air :: Ripples : ?
(a) Wind (b) Water
(c) Storm (d) Smoke
99. Breeze : Cyclone :: Drizzle : ?
(a) Earthquake (b) Storm
(c) Flood (d) Downpour
100. Which is the number that comes next in the following sequence: 4, 6, 12, 14, 28, 30, (……….)
(a) 32 (b) 60
(c) 62 (d) 64
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2d 
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 Teacher: Anjaneyulu S
 Teacher: Amrutha T
 Teacher: Amrutha T
 Teacher: Narayana D
 Teacher: Anjaneyulu S
 Teacher: Anjaneyulu S
Determination of Properties of Concrete (Fresh & Hardened State)
 Teacher: G.Sai Chand G.Sai Chand
 Teacher: Lokaiah P
This course is designed as a beginners guide to the Unix operating systems which have long been popular in academic contexts. The course covers the most basic and frequently used Unix / Linux commands and introduces the proper use of UNIX commands, maintain files, manage processes, and code UNIX shell scripts. Most of the builtin shell commands are introduced together with the main program control structures.
 Teacher: Sandyarani CH
The purpose of this course is getting challenge to achieve a fine balance of
conceptual understanding and applicationoriented learning. This provides
a good problemsolving methodology demonstrating alternative approaches.
• To introduce the students to the topics and techniques of discrete methods
and combinatorial reasoning.
• To introduce a wide variety of applications.
• The algorithmic approach to the Solution of problems is fundamental in
discrete mathematics.
• This approach reinforces the close ties between this discipline and the area
of computer science.
 Teacher: Suresh Vaka
 Teacher: Srinivasa Rao G
1.To introduce the basic tools for design with computational and sequential digital logic
and state machines.
2.To learn simple digital circuits in preparation for computer engineering.
 Teacher: Mr.RAMAIAH THALLURI
 Teacher: Anand D
This course is the first of a twocourse sequence: Introduction to Computer Science and Programming Using Python, and Introduction to Computational Thinking and Data Science. Together, they are designed to help people with no prior exposure to computer science or programming learn to think computationally and write programs to tackle useful problems. Some of the people taking the two courses will use them as a stepping stone to more advanced computer science courses, but for many it will be their first and last computer science courses. This run features updated lecture videos, lecture exercises, and problem sets to use the new version of Python 3.5. Even if you took the course with Python 2.7, you will be able to easily transition to Python 3.5 in future courses, or enroll now to refresh your learning.
Since these courses may be the only formal computer science courses many of the students take, we have chosen to focus on breadth rather than depth. The goal is to provide students with a brief introduction to many topics so they will have an idea of what is possible when they need to think about how to use computation to accomplish some goal later in their career. That said, they are not "computation appreciation" courses. They are challenging and rigorous courses in which the students spend a lot of time and effort learning to bend the computer to their will.
What you'll learn
 A Notion of computation
 The Python programming language
 Some simple algorithms
 Testing and debugging
 An informal introduction to algorithmic complexity
 Data structures
 OOPs concepts
 develop a GUI
 Teacher: Jilani Basha SK
While the term “big data” is relatively new, the act of gathering and storing large amounts of information for eventual analysis is ages old. The concept gained momentum in the early 2000s when industry analyst Doug Laney articulated the nowmainstream definition of big data as the three Vs:
Volume. Organizations collect data from a variety of sources, including business transactions, social media and information from sensor or machinetomachine data. In the past, storing it would’ve been a problem – but new technologies (such as Hadoop) have eased the burden.
Velocity. Data streams in at an unprecedented speed and must be dealt with in a timely manner. RFID tags, sensors and smart metering are driving the need to deal with torrents of data in nearreal time.
Variety. Data comes in all types of formats – from structured, numeric data in traditional databases to unstructured text documents, email, video, audio, stock ticker data and financial transactions.
Faculty Details:
S. Phani Kumar
Assistant Professor
Department of Computer Science & Engineering
PACE Institute of Technology & Sciences
Ongole, Andhra Pradesh, India
Mobile: 9491701380
Email: phanikumar_s@pace.ac.in
The goal of this course is to provide an foundation to Python programming.
The course will demonstrate various concepts, which make the students to write Python programs.
The lectures and activities of the course provide a concrete foundation to proceed further with the python programming language in developing a variety of application.
Introduction video from the Creator (Guido van Rossum) of Python Programming:Faculty Details:
Dr. T. Rama Chaithanya
Assoc Prof & HOD
Department of Computer Science & Engineering
PACE Institute of Technology & Sciences
Ongole, Andhra Pradesh, India
Mobile: +91 95814 56542
Email: csehod@pace.ac.in
Room No: 305 (Main Block)
Office hours: 9.20 Hrs to 17.10 Hrs (Monday to Saturday)
 Teacher: Chaitanya TR
 Teacher: bala subramanyam M
 Teacher: bala subramanyam M
 Teacher: Mrs. N MANOGNA
 Teacher: SAI KIRAN TAVVA
Engineering knowledge: Apply the knowledge of mathematics, science, engineering fundamentals, and an engineering specialization to the solution of complex engineering problems. 
Problem analysis: Identify, formulate, review research literature, and analyze complex engineering problems reaching substantiated conclusions using first principles of mathematics, natural sciences, and engineering sciences. 
 Teacher: Mr. N.VIJAYARATNAM
applied physics
 Teacher: N.Narasimha Rao N.Narasimha Rao
COURSE OBJECTIVE:
1.To understand the basic operation &performance parameters of differential amplifiers.
2.To understand & learn the measuring techniques of performance parameters of OPAMP
3.To learn the linear and nonlinear applications of operational amplifiers.
4.To understand the analysis & design of different types of active filters using opamps
5.To learn the internal structure, operation and applications of different analog ICs
6. To Acquire skills required for designing and testing integrated circuits
 Teacher: Mr. N.RAMBABU
STUDENTS ABLE TO STUDY ABOUT DC GENERATORS,DC MOTORS,TRANSFORMERS
 Teacher: Venkateswarlu Kalluri
 Teacher: PRASAD DASARI
 Teacher: PRASAD DASARI
This course introduces the concepts of semiconductor physics and operation of various semiconductor devices. realization of rectifiers, amplifiers and oscillators using semiconductor devices and their analysis is also introduced in this course.
 Teacher: Anusha Kakaraparthy
 Teacher: Sreedevi G
 Teacher: Sreedevi G
Syllabus of the respective subject
Unit – I 
Fluid statics: Dimensions and units: physical properties of fluids specific gravity, viscosity and its significance, surface tension, capillarity, vapor pressure. Atmospheric gauge and vacuum pressure – measurement of pressure. Manometers Piezometer, Utube, inverted and differential manometers. Pascal’s law, hydrostatic law. Buoyancy and floatation: Meta center, stability of floating body. Submerged bodies. Calculation of metacenter height. Stability analysis and applications. 
Unit – II 
Fluid kinematics: Introduction, flow types. Equation of continuity for one dimensional flow, circulation and vorticity, Stream line, path line and streak lines and stream tube. Stream function and velocity potential function, differences and relation between them. Condition for irrotational flow, flow net, source and sink, doublet and vortex flow. Fluid dynamics: surface and body forces –Euler’s and Bernoulli’s equations for flow along a stream line, momentum equation and its applications, force on pipe bend. Closed conduit flow: Reynold’s experiment Darcy Weisbach equation Minor losses in pipes pipes in series and pipes in parallel total energy linehydraulic gradient line. 
Unit – III 
Boundary Layer Theory: Introduction, momentum integral equation, displacement, momentum and energy thickness, separation of boundary layer, control of flow separation, Stream lined body, Bluff body and its applications, basic concepts of velocity profiles. Dimensional Analysis: Similitude and modelling – Dimensionless numbers. 
Unit – IV 
Basics of turbo machinery: hydrodynamic force of jets on stationary and moving flat, inclined, and curved vanes, jet striking centrally and at tip, velocity diagrams, work done and efficiency, flow over radial vanes.

Unit – V 
Centrifugal pumps: classification, working, work done – manometric head losses and efficiencies specific speed pumps in series and parallelperformance characteristic curves, cavitation & NPSH. Reciprocating pumps: Working, Discharge, slip, indicator diagrams. 
Unit – VI 
Hydraulic Turbines: classification of turbines, impulse and reaction turbines, Pelton wheel, Francis turbine and Kaplan turbineworking proportions, work done, efficiencies, hydraulic design –draft tube theoryfunctions and efficiency. Performance of hydraulic turbines: Geometric similarity, Unit and specific quantities, characteristic curves, governing of turbines, selection of type of turbine, cavitation, surge tank, water hammer. Hydraulic systemshydraulic ram, hydraulic lift, hydraulic coupling. Fluidics – amplifiers, sensors and oscillators. Advantages, limitations and applications 
Vision & Mission of Institution
VISION
Our vision is to impart futuristic technical education transforming the students technically superior, ethically strong, self disciplined to serve the nation as a valuable resource.
MISSION
To inculcate quality education by implementing innovative teachinglearning methods and stateof theart facilities. To enrich the intellectual knowhow, credibility and integrity of the students to necessitate industry. To recognize as scholarly and influential leaders in engineering education, and to develop human power with creativity, advanced technology and passion for
the betterment of future nation.
Vision &Mission of Department
VISION OF THE DEPARTMENT
The Department strives to create Engineering professionals having sound technical knowledge with creative approach, who are competent to pursue diverse and successful careers in modern society.
MISSION OF THE DEPARTMENT
M1: To impart quality education to the students and enhancing their skills to make them competitive in mechanical engineering.
M2: To enhance the technical skills and knowledge of the students to match the global needs on higher studies, entrepreneurship and industry.
M3: To develop the students as career competitors by utilizing the skill and Excellency in the field of design, manufacturing and thermal engineering.
M4: To make the students to learn effective technical communication skills to face intellectual and ethical career challenges after graduation.
Program Educational Objectives (PEO)
S.No 
PEO Number 
Description 
1 
PEO I 
To provide students with a foundation in mathematical, scientific and engineering fundamentals necessary to formulate, solve and analyze engineering problems and to prepare them for graduate studies.

2 
PEO II 
To inculcate students in machine design, product manufacturing and thermal engineering by adopting experimental, analytical and numerical techniques.

3 
PEO III 
To prepare the students for successful careers in higher studies, industry and entrepreneurship that meets the needs of Indian and MultiNational organizations. 
4 
PEO IV 
To provide opportunity for students to work as part of teams on multidisciplinary projects.

4. PROGRAM OUTCOMES (PO)
1. Engineering knowledge: Apply the knowledge of mathematics, science, engineering fundamentals, and an engineering specialization to the solution of complex engineering problems.
2. Problem analysis: Identify, formulate, review research literature, and analyze complex engineering problems reaching substantiated conclusions using first principles of mathematics, natural sciences, and engineering sciences.
3. Design/development of solutions: Design solutions for complex engineering problems and design system components or processes that meet the specified needs with appropriate consideration for the public health and safety, and the cultural, societal, and environmental considerations.
4. Conduct investigations of complex problems: Use researchbased knowledge and research methods including design of experiments, analysis and interpretation of data, and synthesis of the information to provide valid conclusions
5. Modern tool usage: Create, select, and apply appropriate techniques, resources, and modern engineering and IT tools including prediction and modeling to complex engineering activities with an understanding of the limitations.
6. The engineer and society: Apply reasoning informed by the contextual knowledge to assess societal, health, safety, legal and cultural issues and the consequent responsibilities relevant to the professional engineering practice.
7. Environment and sustainability: Understand the impact of the professional engineering solutions in societal and environmental contexts, and demonstrate the knowledge of, and need for sustainable development.
8. Ethics: Apply ethical principles and commit to professional ethics and responsibilities and norms of the engineering practice.
9. Individual and team work: Function effectively as an individual, and as a member or leader in diverse teams, and in multidisciplinary settings.
10. Communication: Communicate effectively on complex engineering activities with the engineering community and with society at large, such as, being able to comprehend and write effective reports and design documentation, make effective presentations, and give and receive clear instructions.
11. Project management and finance: Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the engineering and management principles and apply these to one’s own work, as a member and leader in a team, to manage projects and in multidisciplinary environments.
12. Lifelong learning: Recognize the need for, and have the preparation and ability to engage in independent and lifelong learning in the broadest context of technological change.
DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
LESSON PLAN
Faculty Name 
N.V.Ramana 
Subject Code/ Name 
RT21031/FLUID MECHANICS & HYDRAULIC MACHINES 
Year/Semester 
II/I 
Degree & Branch 
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING 
UNIT I
Session No 
Proposed Date / period 
Topics to be covered 
Time (Min) 
Ref 
Teaching Aids 
Remarks (if any deviation 
1. 
11/06/2018 
Dimensions and units

50 
1 
BB 

2. 
12/06/2018 
Physical properties of fluids 
50 
1 
BB/PP 

3. 
13/06/2018 
Physical properties of fluids 
50 
1 
BB/PP 

4. 
14/06/2018 
Problems on dynamic viscosity 
50 
1 
BB 

5. 
15/06/2108 
Problems on surface tension, Capillarity 
50 
1 
BB 

6. 
16/06/2018 
Atmospheric, gauge and vaccum pressure 
50 
1 


7. 
18/06/2018 
Measurement of pressure 
50 
1 
BB 

8. 
19/06/2018 
Manometers – Piezometer, U – tube manometer 
50 
1 
BB/PP 

9. 
20/06/2018 
Problems 
50 
1 
BB 

10. 
21/06/2018 
Inverted and differential manometers 
50 
1 
BB/PP 

11. 
22/06/2018 
Problems 
50 
1 
BB 

12. 
18/06/2018 
Tutorial 
50 
1 
BB 

13. 
19/06/2018 
Meta center

50 
1 
BB 

14. 
20/06/2018 
Calculation of meta center height , Stability of floating body 
50 
1 
BB 

15. 
23/06/2018 
Problems 
50 
1 
BB 

16. 
25/06/2108 
Stability analysis & applications 
50 
1 
BB 

17. 
26/06/2018 
Unit Test 
50 



NO. OF PERIODS PLANNED:17 
BBBLACK BOARD, PPTPOWER POINT PRESENTATION
UNIT II
Session No 
Proposed Date /period 
Topics to be covered 
Time 
Ref 
Teaching Method 
Remarks (if any deviation 
18. 
27/06/2018 
Fluid Kinematics: introduction, flow types 
50 
1,4 
BB 

19. 
28/06/2018 
Equation of coniuity for one dimensional flow 
50 
1,4 
BB 

20. 
29/06/2018 
Circulation and vorticity 
50 
1,2 
BB 

21. 
30/06/2018 
Stream line, path line, streak lines and stream tube 
50 
1,2 
BB/PP 

22. 
02/07/2018 
Stream and velocity potential function 
50 
1 
BB/PP 

23. 
03/07/2018 
Condition for irrotational flow, Flow net, source and sink 
50 
1 
BB 

24. 
04/07/2018 
Doublet and vortex flow 
50 
1 
BB 

25. 
05/07/2018 
Tutorial class 
50 
1 
BB 

26. 
06/07/2018 
Fluid Dynamics: Surfaces and body forces 
50 
1 
BB 

27. 
07/07/2018 
Euler’s and Bernoulli’s equations for flow along 
50 
1 
PP 

28. 
08/07/2018 
Momentum equation and its application 
100 
1 
PP 

29. 
09/07/2018 
Forces on pipe bend 
50 
1,2 
BB/PP 

30. 
11/07/2018 
Closed Conduit Flow: Reynold’s experiment 
50 
1,3 
BB 

31. 
12/07/2018 
Darcy Weisbach equation 
50 
1 
BB/PP 

32. 
13/07/2018 
Minor losses in pipes 
50 
1 
BB/PP 

33. 
14/07/2018 
Pipes in series and pipes in parallel 
50 
1,2 
BB/PP 

34. 
15/07/2018 
Total energy line and hydraulic gradient line 
50 
1,3 
BB 

35. 
16/07/2018 
Unit test 
50 



NO. OF PERIODS PLANNED:19 
BBBLACK BOARD, PPTPOWER POINT PRESENTATION
UNIT III
Session No 
Proposed Date / period 
Topics to be covered 
Time 
Ref 
Teaching Method 
Remarks (if any deviation 
36. 
18/07/2018 
Boundary Layer Theory: Introduction 
50 
1,5 
PPT 

37. 
19/07/2018 
Momentum integral equation 
50 
1,5 
BB 

38. 
20/07/2018 
Displacement, momentum and energy thickness 
50 
1,5 
BB 

39. 
21/07/2018 
Separation of boundary layer 
50 
1,5 
BB 

40. 
22/07/2018 
Control of flow separation 
50 
1,5 
BB 

41. 
23/07/2018 
Stream lined body, bluff body and its applications 
50 
1 
BB 

42. 
25/07/2018 
Tutorial class 
50 
1 
BB/PP 

43. 
26/07/2018 
Basic concepts of velocity profiles 
50 
1 
BB 

44. 
27/07/2018 
Dimensional Analysis: Similitude and modeling, Dimensionless numbers 
50 
1 
BB/PP 

45. 
28/07/2018 
Unit test 
50 
1,5 
BB 

NO. OF PERIODS PLANNED:12 
BBBLACK BOARD, PPTPOWER POINT PRESENTATION
UNIT IV
Session No 
Proposed Date / period 
Topics to be covered 
Time 
Ref 
Teaching Method 
Remarks (if any deviation 
46. 
30/07/2018 
Introduction 
50 
1,5 
BB/PP 

47. 
31/07/2018 
Hydrodynamic force of jets on stationary flat 
50 
1,5 
BB/PP 

48. 
01/08/2018 
Hydrodynamic force of jets on moving flat 
50 
1,5 
BB/PP 

49. 
02/08/2018 
Problems 
50 
1,5 
BB 

50. 
03/08/2018 
Hydrodynamic force of jets on inclined vane 
50 
1,5 
BB 

51. 
04/08/2018 
Problems 
50 
1,5 
BB 

52. 
13/08/2018 
Hydrodynamic force of jets on curved vane 
50 
1,4 
BB 

53. 
14/08/2018 
Problems 
50 
1,5 
BB 

54. 
15/08/2018 
Jet striking centrally and at tip, Velocity diagrams at inlet and outlet 
50 
1,5 
BB 

55. 
16/08/2018 
Problems 
50 
1,5 
BB 

56. 
17/08/2018 
Tutorial class 
50 
1,5 
BB 

57. 
18/08/2018 
Work done and efficiency 
50 
1,5 
BB/PP 

58. 
20/08/2018 
Problems 
50 
1,5 
BB 

59. 
21/08/2018 
Flow over radial vanes 
50 
1,4 
BB 

60. 
22/08/2018 
Problems 




61. 
23/08/2018 
Tutorial 
50 
1,5 
BB 

62. 
24/08/2018 
Unit test 
50 



NO. OF PERIODS PLANNED:17 
BBBLACK BOARD, PPTPOWER POINT PRESENTATION
UNIT V
Session No 
Proposed Date / period 
Topics to be covered 
Time 
Ref 
Teaching Method 
Remarks (if any deviation 
63. 
25/08/2018 
Centrifugal pumps: Classification, working, work done 
50 
1,5 
BB 

64. 
27/08/2108 
Centrifugal pumps: Classification, working, work done 
100 
1,5 
BB 

65. 
28/08/2018 
Problems 
100 
1,5 
BB 

66. 
29/08/2018 
Manometric head losses and efficiencies 
50 
1,5 
BB 

67. 
30/08/2018 
Problems 
100 
1,5 
BB 

68. 
31/08/2018 
Specific speed 
50 
1,4 
BB 

69. 
01/09/2018 
Problems 
50 
1,5 
BB 

70. 
01/09/2018 
Tutorial class 
50 
1,5 
BB 

71. 
03/09/2018 
Pumps in series and parallel 
50 
1,5 
BB/PP 

72. 
04/09/2018 
Performance characteristics curves, Cavitation & NPSH 
50 
1,5 
BB 

73. 
05/09/2018 
Reciprocating pumps: Working, discharge 
50 
1,4 
BB 

74. 
06/09/2018 
Problems 
50 
1,5 
BB 

75. 
07/09/2018 
Reciprocating pumps: Slip, Indicator diagrams 
50 
1,4 
BB/PP 

76. 
08/09/2018 
Tutorial 
50 
1,2 
BB 

77. 
10/09/2018 
Unit test 
50 



NO. OF PERIODS PLANNED:15 
BBBLACK BOARD, PPTPOWER POINT PRESENTATION
UNIT VI
Session No 
Proposed Date / period 
Topics to be covered 
Time 
Ref 
Teaching Method 
Remarks (if any deviation 
78. 
11/09/2018 
Hydraulic Turbines: Classification of turbines 
50 
1,5 
BB/PP 

79. 
12/09/2018 
Impulse and reaction turbines 
50 
1,5 
BB/PP 

80. 
13/09/2018 
Pelton Wheel: working proportions, work done 
50 
1,5 
BB/PP 

81. 
14/09/2018 
Francis turbine: Working proportions, work done 
50 
1,4 
BB/PP 

82. 
15/09/2018 
Kaplan turbine: Working proportions, work done 
50 
1,5 
BB/PP 

83. 
17/09/2018 
Hydraulic design: draft tube theory functions and efficiency 
50 
1,5 
BB/PP 

84. 
18/09/2018 
Geometric similarity, unit and specific quantities 
50 
1,2 
BB/PP 

85. 
19/09/2018 
Characteristics curves, governing of turbines, Cavitation, surge tank and water hammer 
50 
1,2 
BB/PP 

86. 
20/09/2018 
Hydraulic ram, hydraulic lift, hydraulic coupling 
50 
1,2 
BB/PP 

87. 
21/09/2018 
Fluidics: amplifiers advantages , limitations and applications 
50 
1,2 
BB/PP 

88. 
22/09/2018 
Sensors & Oscillators : Advantages, limitations and applications. 
50 
1,2 
BB/PP 

89. 
23/09/2018 
Tutorial 
50 
1,2 


NO. OF PERIODS PLANNED:12 
BBBLACK BOARD, PPTPOWER POINT PRESENTATION
TEXT BOOKS
1. Hydraulics, fluid mechanics and Hydraulic machinery MODI and SETH.
2. Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines by Rajput.
3. Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines/ RK Bansal/Laxmi Publications (P) Ltd.
Reference Books
1. Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power Engineering by D.S. Kumar, Kotaria & Sons.
2. Fluid Mechanics and Machinery by D. Rama Durgaiah, New Age International.
3. Instrumentation for Engineering Measurements by James W. Dally, William E. Riley ,John Wiley & Sons Inc. 2004 (Chapter 12 – Fluid Flow Measurements)
4. Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines by Domkundwar & Domkundwar, Dhanpatrai & Co.
FACULTY HOD
Course Outcome Vs PEO Mapping
PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OUTCOME
COURSE OUTCOME 
PEO1 
PEO2 
PEO3 
PEO4 
1. Understands the properties: viscosity, surface tension and vapor pressure. 
3 
2 
1 
1 
2. Lists the types of fluid and fluid flows: ideal, real, Newtonian and non Newtonian fluid. 
3 
2 
2 
1 
3. List the measurements of devices: Measurement of flow: pilot tube, venturimeter, and orifice meter, Flow nozzle, Turbine flow meter. 
3 
2 
2 
1 
4. Understands the Bernoulli’s equations, Darcy Weisbach equation Minor losses. 
3 
2 
2 
1 
5. Understands the impact of jets and operation of hydraulic machineries and also acquires knowledge about pumps.

2 
3 
2 
1 
6. Understand to evaluate the performance characteristics of hydraulic turbines & pumps . Also a little knowledge on hydraulic systems and fluidics is imparted to the student. . 
2 
3 
2 
1 
Course Outcome Vs PSO Mapping
PROGRAMME SPECIFIC OUTCOME
COURSE OUTCOME 
PSO1 
PSO2 
PSO3 
1. Understands the properties: viscosity, surface tension and vapor pressure. 
3 
2 
1 
2. Lists the types of fluid and fluid flows: ideal, real, Newtonian and non Newtonian fluid. 
3 
2 
1 
3. List the measurements of devices: Measurement of flow: pilot tube, venturimeter, and orifice meter, Flow nozzle, Turbine flow meter. 
3 
2 
1 
4. Understands the Bernoulli’s equations, Darcy Weisbach equation Minor losses. 
3 
3 
1 
5. Understands the impact of jets and operation of hydraulic machineries and also acquires knowledge about pumps.

3 
3 
1 
6. Understand to evaluate the performance characteristics of hydraulic turbines & pumps . Also a little knowledge on hydraulic systems and fluidics is imparted to the student. . 
3 
3 
1 
Course outcome against program outcome – Mapping.
(THE CO and PO Mapping is to done for individual subject)
PROGRAMME OUTCOME
COURSE OUTCOME 
PO1 
PO2 
P03 
PO4 
PO5 
PO6 
PO7 
PO8 
PO9 
PO10 
PO11 
PO12 
1. Understands the properties: viscosity, surface tension and vapor pressure. 
3 
2 
1 
2 
2 
1 
1 
1 
 
 
 
 
2. Lists the types of fluid and fluid flows: ideal, real, Newtonian and non Newtonian fluid. 
3 
2 
1 
2 
2 
1 
1 
1 
 
 
 
2 
3. List the measurements of devices: Measurement of flow: pilot tube, venturimeter, and orifice meter, Flow nozzle, Turbine flow meter. 
3 
2 
1 
3 
2 
1 
1 
1 
 
 
 
2 
4. Understands the Bernoulli’s equations, Darcy Weisbach equation Minor losses. 
3 
2 
1 
3 
2 
1 
1 
1 
 
 
 
1 
5. Understands the impact of jets and operation of hydraulic machineries and also acquires knowledge about pumps.

3 
2 
1 
3 
2 
1 
1 
1 
 
 
 
2 
6. Understand to evaluate the performance characteristics of hydraulic turbines & pumps . Also a little knowledge on hydraulic systems and fluidics is imparted to the student. . 
3 
2 
1 
3 
2 
1 
1 
1 
 
 
 
2 
TOPICS BEYOND SYLLABUS
S.No. 
TOPIC 
1. 
FLUID MECHANICS IN MANUFACTURING 
2. 
BIOFLUID DYNAMICS 
3. 
COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS (CFD) 
INDIVIDUAL TIME TABLE
Staff Name: N.V.Ramana DEPT/Year: MECH/II
Sub Name: FLUID MECHANICS & HYDRAULIC MACHINES
Room No: 203 ( ME Block) W.E.F: 12.06.2018
Room No: 204 ( ME Block) W.E.F: 12.06.2018
Unit Wise Important Questions (slip test and unit test questions)
UNITI
1. a) List all fluid properties and Newton’s law of viscosity.
b) Find the height through which water rises by capillary action in a glass tube of 2mm bore if the surface tension at the prevailing temperature is 0.075 N/m.
2. a) Derive the equation for capillarity depression when a small glass tube is inserted in mercury.
b) What are the modes of measuring pressure? How can you convert the pressure in KPa into the liquid columns and vice versa?
3. a) A piston of 7.95 cm diameter and 30 cm long works in a cylinder of 8.0 cm diameter. The annular pace of the piston is filled with an oil of viscosity 2 poise. If an axial load of 10N is applied to the piston, calculate the speed of movement of the piston.
b) The space between two parallel plates kept 3mm apart is filled with an oil of dynamic viscosity 0.2 Pa.sec. What is the shear stress on the lower fixed plate, if the upper one is moved with a velocity of 1.50 m/sec.
4. a) What is metacentric height? Explain how the same is calculated.
b) A solid cylinder of diameter 4m has a height of 3 meters. Find the metacentric height of the cylinder when it is floating in water with its axis vertical. The Specific gravity of the cylinder is 0.6
5. a) What is Pascal’s law? Explain with an example.
b) What is hydrostatic law? Explain it.
6. a) What is surface tension? Derive the surface tension for a hemispherical bubble. What are the applications of surface tension?
b) What is centre of pressure? Where does it lie in relation to centre of gravity?
7. a) What is gauge, atmospheric, absolute and vacuum pressures?
b) Write and explain about pressure measuring devices.
8. a) Write and explain about pressure measurement by using Utube manometer.
b) Write and explain about pressure measurement by using vertical single column manometer.
9. a) Write and explain about pressure measurement by using Utube differential manometer.
b) Write and explain about pressure measurement by using inverted Utube differential manometer.
10. a) A Utube manometer is used to measure the pressure in a pipe line, which is in excess of atmospheric pressure. The right limb of the manometer contains mercury and is open to atmosphere. The contact between water and mercury is in the left limb. Determine the pressure of water in the main line, if the difference in level of mercury in the limbs of Utube is 10cm and the free surface of mercury is in level with the center of the pipe. If the pressure of water in pipe line is reduced to 9810 N/m^{2}, calculate the new difference in the level of mercury. Sketch the arrangements in both the cases.
11. A differential manometer is connected at the two points A and B as shown in the figure. At B air pressure is 9.81 N/cm^{2}, find the absolute pressure at A.
12. Explain the stability analysis of submerged body and floating body.
UNITII
1. a) Define stream function and velocity potential. What are their uses?
b) Determine whether the following velocity components satisfy the continuity equation
i) u = cx, v = cy ii) u = cx/y, v = c log xy.
2. A water pipe changes in diameter from 400mm at section A to 800mm at section B which is 7m above. The pressures at A and B are 100 kPa and 75 KPa respectively. The discharge is 400 liters/sec, find the direction of flow.
3. a) What are the different types of flow? State and explain Bernoulli’s equation. Discuss its significance and applications.
b) The water is flowing through a pipe having diameters 20cm and 10cm at sections 1 and 2 respectively. The rate of flow through pipe is 35 liters/sec/ The section 1 is 6m above datum and section 2 is 4m above datum. If the pressure at section 1 is 39.24 N/cm^{2}, find the intensity of pressure at section 2.
4. A pipe line 300m long has a slope of 1 in 100 and tapers from 1.2m diameter at the high end to 0.6m at the low end. The discharge through the pipe is 5.4 m^{3}/minute. If the pressure at the high end is 70 KPa, find the pressure at the low end. Neglect the losses.
5. a) What is continuity equation? Derive the formula for it.
b) Water flows through a pipe AB 1.2m diameter at 3 m/sec and then passes through a pipe BC 1.5m diameter. At C, the pipe branches. Branch CD is 0.8m in diameter and caries one third of the flow in AB. The flow velocity in branch CE is 2.5m/sec, find the volume rate of flow in AB, the velocity in CD and the diameter of CE.
6. a) Derive the expression for rate of flow through Venturimeter.
b) Derive the expression for rate of flow through Orifice meter.
7. An oil specific gravity 0.8 is flowing through a Venturimeter having inlet diameter 20cm and throat diameter 10cm. The oil mercury differential manometer show a reading of 25cm, calculate the discharge of oil through the horizontal Venturimeter. Take C_{d} = 0.98
8. Find the discharge of water flowing through a pipe 30cm diameter placed in an inclined position where a Venturimeter is inserted, having a throat diameter of 15cm. The difference of pressure between the main and throat is measured by a liquid of specific gravity 0.6 in an inverted Utube which give a reading of 30cm. The loss of head between the main and throat is 0.2 times the kinetic head of the pipe.
9. a) Derive the expression for force exerted by flowing fluid on a pipe bend.
b) 250 liters/sec of water is flowing in a pipe having a diameter of 300mm. If the pipe is bent by 135^{o} (that is change from initial to final direction), find the magnitude and direction of the resultant force on the bend. The pressure of water flowing is 39.24 N/cm^{2}.
10. a) Differentiate between laminar flow and turbulent flows, and rotational and irrotational flows. What is flow net? What are its uses.
b) Derive the continuity equation from fundamentals. Determine whether the following velocity components satisfy the continuity equation i) u = cx, v = cy ii) u = cx/y, v = c log xy.
11. a) Write and explain Darcy Weisbatch equation.
b) Derive Chezy’s equation for loss of head due to friction in pipes.
12. a) Determine the loss of head due to sudden enlargement, sudden contraction.
b) Determine the difference in the elevations between the water surfaces in the two tanks which are connected by a horizontal pipe of diameter 300mm and length 400m. The rate of flow of water through the pipe is 300 liters/sec. Consider all losses and take the value of f = 0.008.
UNITIII
1. Discuss displacement thickness.
2. Discuss energy thickness.
3. Discuss momentum thickness.
4. What do you understand by boundary layer? Explain the development of Boundary layer over a flat plate.
5. Derive the expression for drag force on a flat plate due to boundary layer.
6. Discuss about total drag on a flat plate due to laminar and turbulent boundary layer.
7. What are the dimensionless numbers in dimensional analysis? Discuss a few of them.
8. Explain how the boundary layer thickness is defined in different ways.
9. What is a boundary layer? Differentiate between a laminar and turbulent boundary layer.
10. Explain how a boundary layer separate from boundary. What are the conditions understand which separation takes place?
UNITIV
1. a) How do you estimate the impact of a jet striking a stationary normal flat plate in the direction of the jet?
b) How do you estimate the impact of a jet striking a moving normal flat plate in the direction of the jet?
2. a) How do you estimate the impact of a jet striking a stationary inclined plate in the direction of the jet?
b) How do you estimate the impact of a jet striking a moving inclined plate in the direction of the jet?
3. a) Derive the equation for the impact of jet striking a stationary curved plate at the center when the plate is stationary.
b) Derive the equation for the impact of jet striking a moving curved plate at the center when the plate is stationary.
4. Derive the expression for force exerted by jet of water on an unsymmetrical moving curved plate when jet strikes tangentially at one of the tips.
5. A jet of oil of specific gravity strikes a fixed curved symmetrical plate at its center and leaves at the outlet tips. The diameter of the jet is 62mm and the velocity of the jet is 45 m/sec. If the jet is deflected by 100^{o}, calculate the force exerted on the curved plate.
6. A nozzle of size 10cm diameter issues a jet of water with a velocity of 50m/sec. The jet strikes a moving plate perpendicularly at the center. The plate is moving with a velocity of 15 m/sec in the direction of the jet. Calculate i) the force exerted on the plate ii) the work done iii) Efficiency of the jet.
7. A jet of water strikes with a velocity of 50m/sec a flat fixed plate inclined at 30^{o} with the axis of the jet. The cross sectional area of the plate is 100 cm^{2 } . Find the force exerted by the jet on the plate and the ratio in which the jet gets divided after striking.
8. A jet of water of diameter 40mm moving with a velocity of 30m/sec strikes a curved fixed symmetrical plate at the center. Find the force exerted by the water on the plate, If the jet deflected through an angle of 120^{o} at the outlet of the curved plate.
9. a) Derive the expression for force exerted by a jet on a hinged plate.
b) A jet of water of 30mm diameter strikes a hinged square plate at its center with a velocity of 20m/sec. The plate is deflected through an angle of 20^{o}. Find the weight of the plate. If the plate is not allowed to swing what will be the force required at the lower edge of the plate to keep the plate in vertical position.
10. Derive the expression for force exerted by a jet on a series of radial curved vanes.
11. A jet of water having a velocity of 20m/sec strikes a curved vane, which is moving with a velocity of 10m/sec. The jet makes an angle of 20^{o} with the direction of motion of vane at inlet and leaves at an angle of 130^{o} to the direction of motion of same an outlet. Calculate i) Vane angles, so that the water enters and leaves the vane without shock ii) Work done per second per unit weight of water striking (work done per unit weight of water striking) the vane per second.
12. A jet of water of diameter 50mm having a velocity of 20m/sec strikes a curved vane which is moving with a velocity of 10m/sec in the direction of jet. The jet leaves the vane at an angle of 60^{o} to the direction of motion of vane at outlet. Determine i) The force exerted by the jet on the vane in the direction of motion. ii) Work done per second by the jet.
UNITV
1. a) Define centrifugal pump and explain the main parts of centrifugal pump.
b) Derive the expression for work done by the centrifugal pump by the impeller on water.
2. a) Discuss about types of heads and efficiencies of a centrifugal pump.
b) Derive the expression for minimum speed for starting a centrifugal pump.
3. a) Discuss about pumps in series and pumps in parallel.
b) Derive the expression for specific speed of a centrifugal pump.
4. a) Define and derive NPSH for a centrifugal pump.
b) A centrifugal pump is to discharge 0.118 m^{3}/sec at a speed of 1450rpm against a head of 25m. The impeller is 250mm its width at outlet is 50mm and manometeric efficiency is 75%. Determine the vane angle at the outer periphery of the impeller.
5. A centrifugal pump while running at 800 rpm discharges 100 L/s against a net head of 14m. The manmeteric efficiency of the pump is 78%. If the vane angle at the outlet is 35 degrees and the velocity of flow is 2m/sec, determine the outer diameter of the impeller.
6. A centrifugal pump is running at 1000 rpm. The outlet vane angle of the impeller is 45^{o} and the velocity of flow at outlet is 2.5m/sec. The discharge through the pump is 200 litres/sec when the pump is working against a total head of 20m. If the manometeric efficiency of the pump is 80%. Determine i) the diameter of the impeller ii) width of the impeller at outlet.
7. a) What is reciprocating pump? Explain the working of reciprocating pump and state its main parts.
b) Derive the expression for discharge through the reciprocating pump and work done by the reciprocating pump.
8. A centrifugal pump delivers water against a net head of 10m at a design speed of 800 rpm. The vanes are curved backwards and make an angle of 30 degrees with the tangent at the outer periphery. The impeller diameter is 30 cm and has a width of 5cm at the outlet. Determine the discharge of the pump if the manometric efficiency is 85%.
9. a) Discuss the variation of velocity and acceleration in the suction and delivery pipes due to acceleration of the piston.
b) What is indicator diagram? Explain the ideal and actual indicator diagram for reciprocating pump.
10. A fluid is to be lifted against a head of 120m. The pumps that run at a speed of 1200 with rated capacity of 300 liters per second are available. How many pumps are required to pump the water if specific speed is 700?
11. Water is to be pumped to a height of 90m. The pumps that run at a speed of 1000 rpm with rated capacity 0f 200 liters per second are available. How many pumps are required to pump the water if specific speed is 800?
12. The length and diameter of a suction pipe of a single acting reciprocating pump are 5m and 10cm respectively. The pump has a plunger of diameter 15cm and a stroke length of 35cm. The center of the pump is 3m above the water surface in the pump. The atmospheric pressure head is 10.3m of water and pump is running at 35rpm. Determine i) Pressure head due to acceleration at the beginning of the suction stroke ii) Maximum pressure head due to acceleration iii) Pressure head in the cylinder at the beginning and at the end of the stroke.
UNITVI
1. a) What is turbine? Draw general layout of hydroelectric power plant.
b) Discuss the different efficiencies of a turbine.
2. Explain the classification of turbines? Explain the working of Francis turbine with a neat sketch.
3. Explain the working of Kaplan turbine with a neat sketch and derive the expression for work done with the help of velocity triangles.
4. A pelton wheel is to be designed for following specifications.
Shaft power = 11772KW, Head = 380m, Speed = 750rpm, Overall efficiency = 86%, Jet diameter is not to exceed one sixth of the wheel diameter. Determine i) Wheel diameter ii) the number of jets required iii) Diameter of the jet. Take K_{vl} = 0.985 and K_{ul} = 0.45
5. Explain the working of radial flow reaction turbine with a neat sketch and derive the expression for work done by the runner.
6. What is governing of turbines? How is it achieved?
7. What is draft tube? What are its functions?
8. Differentiate between impulse and reaction turbine. What is draft tube? What are its functions?
9. What is geometric similarity? How do we maintain it?
10. What type of turbine is Kaplan turbine? Explain how it works with neat diagram. Discuss the importance of draft tube in reaction turbines.
11. What are the unit quantities to study the performance of turbines?
12. Briefly explain the working of hydraulic lift.
Unit Wise Assignments (With different Levels of thinking (Blooms Taxonomy)
Note: For every question please mention the level of Blooms taxonomy
1. Write and explain about pressure measurement by using Utube differential manometer.
b) Write and explain about pressure measurement by using inverted Utube differential manometer.
2. a) A Utube manometer is used to measure the pressure in a pipe line, which is in excess of atmospheric pressure. The right limb of the manometer contains mercury and is open to atmosphere. The contact between water and mercury is in the left limb. Determine the pressure of water in the main line, if the difference in level of mercury in the limbs of Utube is 10cm and the free surface of mercury is in level with the center of the pipe. If the pressure of water in pipe line is reduced to 9810 N/m^{2}, calculate the new difference in the level of mercury. Sketch the arrangements in both the cases.
3. A differential manometer is connected at the two points A and B as shown in the figure. At B air pressure is 9.81 N/cm^{2}, find the absolute pressure at A.
4. Explain the stability analysis of submerged body and floating body.
UNITII
1. a) Derive the expression for force exerted by flowing fluid on a pipe bend.
b) 250 liters/sec of water is flowing in a pipe having a diameter of 300mm. If the pipe is bent by 135^{o} (that is change from initial to final direction), find the magnitude and direction of the resultant force on the bend. The pressure of water flowing is 39.24 N/cm^{2}.
2. a) Differentiate between laminar flow and turbulent flows, and rotational and irrotational flows. What is flow net? What are its uses.
b) Derive the continuity equation from fundamentals. Determine whether the following velocity components satisfy the continuity equation i) u = cx, v = cy ii) u = cx/y, v = c log xy.
3. a) Write and explain Darcy Weisbatch equation.
b) Derive Chezy’s equation for loss of head due to friction in pipes.
4. a) Determine the loss of head due to sudden enlargement, sudden contraction.
b) Determine the difference in the elevations between the water surfaces in the two tanks which are connected by a horizontal pipe of diameter 300mm and length 400m. The rate of flow of water through the pipe is 300 liters/sec. Consider all losses and take the value of f = 0.008.
UNITIII
1. What is a boundary layer? Differentiate between a laminar and turbulent boundary layer.
2. Explain how a boundary layer separate from boundary. What are the conditions understand which separation takes place?
3. What do you understand by boundary layer
4. Discuss a few of the dimensionless numbers in dimensional analysis.
UNITIV
1. a) Derive the expression for force exerted by a jet on a hinged plate.
b) A jet of water of 30mm diameter strikes a hinged square plate at its center with a velocity of 20m/sec. The plate is deflected through an angle of 20^{o}. Find the weight of the plate. If the plate is not allowed to swing what will be the force required at the lower edge of the plate to keep the plate in vertical position.
2. Derive the expression for force exerted by a jet on a series of radial curved vanes.
3. A jet of water having a velocity of 20m/sec strikes a curved vane, which is moving with a velocity of 10m/sec. The jet makes an angle of 20^{o} with the direction of motion of vane at inlet and leaves at an angle of 130^{o} to the direction of motion of same an outlet. Calculate i) Vane angles, so that the water enters and leaves the vane without shock ii) Work done per second per unit weight of water striking (work done per unit weight of water striking) the vane per second.
4. A jet of water of diameter 50mm having a velocity of 20m/sec strikes a curved vane which is moving with a velocity of 10m/sec in the direction of jet. The jet leaves the vane at an angle of 60^{o} to the direction of motion of vane at outlet. Determine i) The force exerted by the jet on the vane in the direction of motion. ii) Work done per second by the jet.
UNITV
13. a) Discuss the variation of velocity and acceleration in the suction and delivery pipes due to acceleration of the piston.
b) What is indicator diagram? Explain the ideal and actual indicator diagram for reciprocating pump.
14. A fluid is to be lifted against a head of 120m. The pumps that run at a speed of 1200 with rated capacity of 300 liters per second are available. How many pumps are required to pump the water if specific speed is 700?
15. Water is to be pumped to a height of 90m. The pumps that run at a speed of 1000 rpm with rated capacity 0f 200 liters per second are available. How many pumps are required to pump the water if specific speed is 800?
16. The length and diameter of a suction pipe of a single acting reciprocating pump are 5m and 10cm respectively. The pump has a plunger of diameter 15cm and a stroke length of 35cm. The center of the pump is 3m above the water surface in the pump. The atmospheric pressure head is 10.3m of water and pump is running at 35rpm. Determine i) Pressure head due to acceleration at the beginning of the suction stroke ii) Maximum pressure head due to acceleration iii) Pressure head in the cylinder at the beginning and at the end of the stroke.
UNITVI
1. What is geometric similarity? How do we maintain it?
2. What type of turbine is Kaplan turbine? Explain how it works with neat diagram. Discuss the importance of draft tube in reaction turbines.
3. What are the unit quantities to study the performance of turbines?
4. Briefly explain the working of hydraulic lift.
 Teacher: NV Ramana
An unconventional machining process (or nontraditional machining process) is a special type of machining process in which there is no direct contact between the tool and the work piece. In unconventional machining, a form of energy is used to remove unwanted material from a given work piece.
 Teacher: SUDHIR CHAKRAVARTHY KATRAGADDA
 Teacher: Nagaraju U
 Teacher: Mr. MD Shariff
 Teacher: Mr. D Ashok